This paper discusses the Gregorian Chant, sung as an act of worship in the Middle Ages.
This paper explains that the earliest form of known sacred music is the Chant, a monophonic, consisting of a single-line melody and using free-verse rhythm. The author explains that the Gregorian Chant was not arranged until the eleventh and twelfth centuries; therefore, it is difficult to reconstruct the exact music from Charlemagne’s court. The paper relates that the Gregorian Chant is about the text, its roots laying in the liturgical sacred Latin texts being read aloud.
From the Paper:
“During the rise of Charlemagne’s rule, learning, trade and the appreciation of culture took hold of Roman Empire. Charlemagne’s keen interest in music explains why certain monasteries of his reign became large centers for church music. Charlemagne brought monks from Rome to stabilize and reform the church music in his kingdom. St. Ambrose and St. Gregory have come to be named and honored in musical history. Ambrose was Archbishop of Milan from 374 to 397. He took a keen interest in church music, and did much for its advancement. He devised a general system of chanting known from his name as the Ambrosian Chant. When Ambrose died, church music again deteriorated.”